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Participatory Epidemiological Investigation of Newcastle Disease in Local Chickens in the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

Anzaku S. A., Umoh J. U., Abdu P. A., Kabir J. and Bala A..

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A participatory epidemiological investigation of Newcastle disease in Nigeria local poultry was carried out between the months of April and June 2012 in four conveniently selected Area Councils of the Federal Capital Territory (Abuja) Nigeria, Forty informant groups/villages participated and the participatory epidemiological tools used include focus group discussions (FGDs), semi-structured interviews (SSIs), proportional piling, simple ranking, pair-wise ranking, matrix scoring, seasonal calendar, mapping and transect walk. This was done in order to determine the perception of livestock owners on the clinical manifestation and epidemiological features of the disease (Newcastle disease) in the study area. Some of the clinical signs mention by farmers includes; high mortality, greenish diarrhoea, bloody diarrhoea, incoordination and dyspnoea, and the outbreak of the disease occurs in the area between the months of October and March, and most of the traditional remedies they used for treatment include; red pepper (Capsicum frutenscens), gautakaji (Solanumnodiflorum) and oxytetracycline capsules though with limited success, further investigation shows that the estimated mean morbidity and case fatality rates due to ND in the study area were 71.38% and 74.5% respectively.

Key words: Federal Capital Territory, Local Chickens, Newcastle disease, Nigeria, Participatory Epidemiology

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Journal of Molecular Pathophysiology


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