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A clinical study on effects of iron deficiency anemia on cognitive function among undergraduate paramedical students

Kavitha Ukkirapandian, Nirmala Natarajan, Kanagavalli Prassanaraghavan, Priyatharshini Mohan, Lakshmi Selvam.


Abstract

Background: Iron deficiency anaemia is a common health problem which affects overall body health and physical ability. Iron is an important key element for the brain function.

Aims & Objective: To analyze the cognitive function in anaemic young adult women.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among normal and anaemic persons. Biochemical parameters such as haemoglobin, serum iron were assessed to identify the anaemia. Subjects were divided into two groups (n=30). Mini mental status examination (MMSE), Wechsler memory scale (WMS-IV), Digit symbol substitution test (DSST), Letter Digit Substitution Test (LDST) were used to assess the cognitive function.

Results: Though there was no significant changes in mean scores of 3 cognitive function tests between the groups, MMSE has shown significant decrease score in anaemic group when compared to control. Conclusion: Mild iron deficiency anaemia in young adult women may have

Key words: Iron deficiency anemia, Cognitive function test Deficiency Anaemia; Cognitive Function Test; Students






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