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The relationship between the level of aggression and the sleep quality in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder

Taner Öznur, Mehmet Toygar, Havva Öznur, Emre Aydemir, Mustafa Alper, Beyazıt Garip, Hakan Balıbey.

Abstract
Subject: Sleep disorders are common problems in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. The main symptoms associated with sleep disorders were reported as a reduction in total sleep time, prolonged sleep latency, increase in the number wakefulness, low sleep efficiency and a reduction in the percentage of deep sleep stages. A relation between sleep disorders and increased levels of aggression was determined. In this study, we aimed to examine the relationship between the quality of sleep and the level of aggression in patients with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Method: The study was included 48 patients with a diagnosis of PTSD who were hospitalized. Data were collected using post-traumatic stress disorder questionnaire scale, Pittsburgh sleep quality scale and the Buss-Perry Aggression Scale applied by the clinician. Data analysis was made using SPSS 15.0 package program. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation test were used in statistical analysis. Results: The average age of the cases was 32.33 ± 7.93, the average of the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder was 56.23 ± 11.14, the average of sleep quality was 22.08 ± 6.67 and the average of aggression levels was 51.67 ± 7.48. There was a high level deterioration in sleep quality and aggression levels were medium/medium-high levels. It was determined that Buss-Perry Aggression Scale scores were positively correlated with Pittsburgh sleep quality and posttraumatic stress disorder total and hyper arousal subscale scores. Conclusion: In this study, it is stated that increase in overstimulation symptoms and degradation of sleep in PTSD patients cause increase in agression levels. Degradation of sleep is determined as an indicator of agression that is observed in TSSB patients. Associatively, in PTSD patients, use of interventions to improve the quality of sleep oriented agressive behaviours gain value

Key words: Posttraumatic stress disorder, Sleep quality, Aggression.



Article Language: Turkish English



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