Rift Valley fever (RVF), a mosquito-borne disease of animals and humans, is caused by Phlebovirus which belong to the family Bunyaviridae. The disease in animals is characterized by fever, anorexia, diarrhea, hepatitis and abortion. It causes high mortality in neonatal animals and high incidence of abortion in sheep and cattle. The disease is of great economic significance as losses mainly occur due to the death of young lambs and calves. Laboratory help is required to confirm the diagnosis of RVF. The immunization and vector control are the main strategies to reduce the incidence of RVF. It is considered as an occupational disease of livestock handlers, dairy farmers, abattoir workers and veterinarians. Hence, it is imperative to take all necessary precautions to protect from infection.
Abortion, Mosquito, Neonate, Rift Valley Fever, Viral disease