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Review Article



Rift Valley Fever: A Fatal Viral Disease of Neonatal Animals

Mahendra Pal, Nigatu Aklilu, Bulto Giro.

Cited by (2)

Abstract
Rift Valley fever (RVF), a mosquito-borne disease of animals and humans, is caused by Phlebovirus which belong to the family Bunyaviridae. The disease in animals is characterized by fever, anorexia, diarrhea, hepatitis and abortion. It causes high mortality in neonatal animals and high incidence of abortion in sheep and cattle. The disease is of great economic significance as losses mainly occur due to the death of young lambs and calves. Laboratory help is required to confirm the diagnosis of RVF. The immunization and vector control are the main strategies to reduce the incidence of RVF. It is considered as an occupational disease of livestock handlers, dairy farmers, abattoir workers and veterinarians. Hence, it is imperative to take all necessary precautions to protect from infection.

Key words: Abortion, Mosquito, Neonate, Rift Valley Fever, Viral disease






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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.