Objective: To evaluate if early cholecystectomy was safe in mild biliary pancreatitis.
Methodology: This prospective observational study included 72 patients with mild biliary pancreatitis over a period of 3 years. Cholecystectomy was performed within 48-72 hours of admission by an open approach. The patients were evaluated for the surgery related complications.
Results: The morbidity rate was 11.1% with wound infection in 5.5%, subphrenic abscess in 2.7% and biliary leakage in 2.7%. There was no mortality. The hospital stay varied from 5-12 days. No further episodes of pancreatitis occurred after cholecystectomy.
Conclusion: It is concluded that early cholecystectomy can be safely performed after a mild attack of biliary pancreatitis without increasing the morbidity and mortality rates.
Biliary pancreatitis, gall stones, cholecystectomy.