Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Open Access

Original Research



Assessment of knowledge about the role of diet regime and physical exercise to control diabetes among type 2 diabetic patients in Khartoum State, Sudan

Hazim Attia Zain El Abdin Taha.

Abstract
Background: Non-communicable diseases, particularly diabetes mellitus, represent a global worldwide threat, being highly prevalent and cause a wide range of disabilities, morbidity and mortality.

Aims & Objective: The objective of the study was to explore knowledge about the role of diet regime and physical exercise to control diabetes among Sudanese type 2 diabetic patients in Khartoum State and determine factors associated with it.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional health facility-based study. Using a modified Diabetes Care Profile questionnaire, type 2 diabetic patients of more than 18 years of age and having diabetes for at least 1 year attending two selected specialized diabetic care centers and one endocrinology referred clinic were interviewed. The study sample was 306. Data was analyzed using SPSS software.

Results: A total of 310 patients were enrolled, of whom 289 patients were interviewed. Mean age was around 55 years and 54% were females. The proportions found to have excellent knowledge levels about diet regime were 62.3%; about physical exercise were 51.2%. Self-care knowledge levels were found to be significantly associated with age, educational level, being employed, and having health education about DM before.

Conclusion: Diabetes health education and social support are important determinants of diabetes self-care related knowledge. Strategies should focus on training of physicians and health-care providers on all aspects of diabetes-related knowledge. Efforts are needed to improve the socioeconomic status of diabetics and educate them for better control of the disease.

Key words: Diabetic Mellitus; Dietary Regime; Khartoum; Knowledge; Physical Exercise



Share this Article


Advertisement
American Journal of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology

SUBMIT YOUR ARTICLE NOW


ScopeMed.com
BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.