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Estimation of cardiovascular risk severity in chronic periodontitis patients

Mousumi Kundu Kundu, Lalit Prashant Meena, Kamlakar Tripathi, Richik Tripathi, Sarita Parihar, Amit Nandan Dhar Dwivedi.




Abstract

AIM: Chronic periodontal lesion releases pro-inflammatory cytokines which might be accountable for cardiovascular disease. This study was undertaken to access cardiovascular risk by chronic periodontitis.
METHOD: The study group comprised of 100 patients with chronic periodontitis (CPD) and 50 healthy control without chronic periodontitis. Periodontal index of each tooth was calculated using Russel’s score. Carotid Intima Media thickness (CIMT) was assessed with a 7.5-MHz linear-array transducer and Ankle-Brachial Pressure Indices (ABPI) were measured with a continuous-wave Doppler machine, ultrasonic gel, and a sphygmomanometer. Full blood counts were performed and levels of serum lipid were determined by autoanalyzer whereas high sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) were measured by ELISA in patients and control.
RESULTS: Mean left Carotid Intima Media thickness (CIMT) and mean right CIMT was significantly higher in patients as compared to control (p

Key words: Chronic Periodontitis ,Cardiovascular ,Carotid Intima Media thickness

Article Language: Turkish English






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