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Original Article

Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2010; 21(74): 139-160


THE EFFECTS OF MODERN AND POSTMODERN PARADIGMS ON NOTION OF REPUBLIC

Ahmet ÖZALP.

Abstract
Kuhn claimed that some principles have become valid in all scientific, economic, political, administrative areas and been transformed into paradigms in certain tımes. In modernization period, the principles of monistic paradigm have become valid. All above mentioned areas were patterned on principles ofrationality, absoluteness, certainty connecting with monistic paradigm. Since modern paradigm is not suffi cient to solve the problems such as multi-cultural and representational which occured global age, it led to crises. As a result of this, the existing conditions created a new paradigm which rested upon the principles such as relativity, uncertainty, opposing to monistic paradigm. The aim of this present study is to explain the results and the effects of modern and postmodern paradigm on notion of republic. The main concern of this study focus on Althusser’s analysis of Rousseau and Petit’s ‘republican conception standing on freedom as nondominated”. The thesis of this present study is that both modern and postmodern paradigms may create domination when this paradigms lead to extreme cases.

Key words: Modernity, Postmodernity, Res Publica, Democracy, Paradigm



Article Language: Turkish English



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