Introduction: Caesarean section is obstetrical surgery by which through incision of the abdominal wall and the lower uterine segment performs extraction of the fetus in the advanced stages of pregnancy and childbirth ends by abdominal myomectomy. Because of its significance it is one of the most important surgical procedures performed in gynecology and obstetrics. Material and methods: The goal of this study is to show the incidence of cesarean section in the Public Hospital in Travnik during 2012, and the most frequent indications for surgical completion of delivery. During 2012 at the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Cantonal Hospital Travnik there was 927 deliveries. Results: Of the total number of births, in 115 (12.41%) of cases a caesarean section was performed, while in 812 (87.59%) delivery was completed vaginally. Descriptive analysis reveals that 55 (5.93%) women had repeated cesarean section after a previous cesarean section, while in 60 (6.47%) cases in 2012 for the first time underwent cesarean section. As the most common indications in 7.33% of the women was reported cefalopelvinea disproportion and breech presentation. At 6.67% of the women caesarean section was performed due to asphyxia and 4% due to preeclampsia. The incidence of other indications such as abruption, placenta previa, multiple pregnancy and other was less than 3%. Conclusion: On the basis of the data we conclude that in the maternity hospital Travnik vaginal birth is most common. However, although the percentage of cesarean sections was much lower than in the regional maternity hospitals, we cannot ignore that the rate of caesarean sections is slowly increasing and requires that obstetricians in their practice make professional triage when setting indications for cesarean section so that a trend of surgically completed births should not reach epidemic proportions .
Key words: vaginal delivery, cesarean section, Cantonal Hospital Travnik.