Home|Journals Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Article

Cytotoxic and antioxidant activities of catechins in inhibiting the malignancy of breast cancer

Endang Evacuasiany, Hana Ratnawati, Laella K. Liana, Wahyu Widowati, Maesaroh Maesaroh, Tjandrawati Mozef, Chandra Risdian.

Cited by (1)

Objective: Breast cancer is a malignant disease of women most often found after cervical cancer in Indonesia. Increased levels of free radicals can cause DNA damage, which could lead to malignancy; this can play role in breast cancer etiopathogenesis. The present research was conducted to determine the activity of catechins as antioxidants and their potential efficacy in inhibiting breast cancer malignancy.
Methods: The research was done by examining the antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity including 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), the value of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and assays in breast cancer cell lines (T47D, MCF7). The cytotoxic potency was determined by the MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) assay.
Results: The highest DPPH scavenging activity is presented by (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC) and the lowest by gallo catechins (GC). The highest SOD value were reached with EGC at 500 g/ml, followed by (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECG) at 125 g/ml, and GC at 31.25 g/ml concentrations. The highest cytotoxic activity in T47D cell line for 24 and 48 h incubation was exhibited by (-)-gallocatechin gallate (GCG). The greatest cytotoxic activity in MCF7 cell line for 24 h was presented by (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), and for 48 h incubation by (+)-catechin (C).
Conclusion: Catechins have high antioxidant activities proven by both DPPH scavenging and SOD activities. They possess higher anticancer action on T47D than on MCF7 cell line.

Key words: Breast cancer; Catechins; Cytotoxicity; Free radicals

Share this Article

American Journal of Research in Medical Sciences


BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright ScopeMed Information Services.