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Assessment of risk of diabetes in medical students using the Indian diabetes risk score

Aashima Gakhar, Sujaya B, Nalina N.


Background: Diabetes is one of the most common causes for morbidity and mortality. Among which type 2 diabetes is the most rampant in which body does not make synthesize or utilize insulin effectively insulin is a hormone that helps the body cells to utilize glucose for energy production. Deficiency of insulin leads to high level of glucose in the plasma. Sustained high blood glucose level for a longer duration can lead to serious problems in heart, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. This may lead to complications such as neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, and atherosclerosis.

Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the risk of diabetes in medical students.

Materials and Methods: One hundred medical students in the age group of 18–21 years were screened for prediabetic state using the diabetic risk score and were statically analyzed.

Results: Out of 100 students, 57 were found to have low risk, 41 moderate risk, and only two had high risk of diabetes. The results of the present study showed that 49% of students were indulged in mild activity and 25% of the students were not involved in any kind of physical activity.

Conclusion: Lack of physical exercise was found to be the major risk factor for diabetes among medical students, and hence, it is suggested that medical students should also stress on physical exercise along with studies.

Key words: Indian Risk Score; Diabetes; Medical Students

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