Background: Losing a limb (or a part of a limb) usually leads to loss of functionality and subsequent disability.
Aims & Objective: This paper aims at pointing out the importance of comprehensive and multidisciplinary care that includes early, direct or indirect, involvement of rehabilitation service providers even in an emergency context.
Materials and Methods: We underline the links between amputation and disability as well as the milestones and main purposes of the rehabilitation process following amputation. We then emphasise the influence that the level of amputation has on functional outcomes.
Results: In order for functional outcomes to balance purely medical factors when identifying the best site for amputation in emergency settings where preoperative involvement of a rehabilitation professional is difficult due to limited resources, we enunciate five general rules to be used as guidelines by the medical team in the absence of a rehabilitation service provider. These five rules, remaining general enough to apply to most contexts and patients, still need to be balanced against contextual and personal factors that can only be identified at the time of the amputation.
Conclusion: The main expectations of people who undergo surgery are, usually, to remain actors in the society and regain functional abilities. Therefore, surgical outcomes are closely related to functional outcomes. In order for the functional and personal factors to be taken into account, we recommend, even in an emergency context, preoperative involvement of rehabilitation care providers.
Key words: Amputation, Rehabilitation; Emergency Crisis