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Original Article

Knowledge and Perception Towards The Keto Diet Among The General Population in Baghdad City, Iraq

Tiba Nezar Hasan, Taqi Mohammed Jwad Taher, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Mohammed A AbdalQader.


Background and Aims:
The ketogenic diet or keto diet (KD) is a recently used diet regime by a lot of the population for weight loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the general population’s knowledge and perceptions regarding the KETO diet in Baghdad, Iraq.
This study included 203 respondents who completed an internet-based survey. A questionnaire adopted from a previous study was used to assess the knowledge and perception of the respondents.
Almost all the participants (98.5%) had heard of the ketogenic diet, 41.8 percent were currently following it, and 26% had tried it before. The longest time spent following the keto diet was one month (26%), and 44.3% of participants admitted to taking supplements while on the diet. Around half of the respondents (44.8%) said that the keto diet helped them lose weight and keep it off. In general, most of the participants had good knowledge of the keto diet, except for 2 parts, nutritional ketosis, and long-term studies on the keto diet effect, where the majority answered don’t know (70.9%, 43.3%) respectively. In terms of perception, around half of the respondents (42.8%) agreed that the keto diet should only be prescribed by doctors or nutritionists, while 40.0% disagreed that the keto diet is safe to follow for the long term.
In conclusion, nowadays the ketogenic diet is a very popular weight loss diet, especially among young adults; however, more health promotion and education are required especially about long-term side effects of it.

Key words: Knowledge, Perception, Keto Diet, Baghdad

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