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Case Report



Basal cell adenoma of the salivary gland: Cribriform type, a rare case with review of literature

Raghunath Prabhu, Neha Kumar, Sakshi Sadhu, Rajgopal Shenoy, Kuladeepa Ananda Vaidya.

Abstract
Basal cell adenoma (BCA) of the salivary glands is a rare benign tumor resembling pleomorphic adenoma, but with a prominent basaloid cell layer. The majority of these tumors arise in the parotid glands and account for only 1% of all salivary gland epithelial tumors. We report one such case of a swelling in the floor of the mouth in a 55-year-old female where BCA is the most likely diagnosis; however, histological variation does show a similarity to malignant adenoid cystic carcinoma, thereby making the diagnosis difficult. The incidence of malignancy is relatively higher in the submandibular, sublingual and minor salivary glands. Approximately, 85% of sublingual gland tumors are malignant. Thus, we should be more careful when making a diagnosis in minor salivary gland tumors.

Key words: Adenoid cystic carcinoma, adenoma, basal cell, clinicopathological feature, cribriform, excision, immunohistochemistry, minor salivary gland, oral cavity



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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
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