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Original Article

J Pak Dent Assoc. 2023; 32(2): 41-44

Empathy among Undergraduates and Post Graduates Clinical Dental Students of Lahore Medical and Dental College

Sadia iqbal, Nedal Iqbal, Nazli Shujat, Tayyaba rafiqe, Faiqa yassir, Aqib Sohail.


Aims and Objectives:
To assess the gender differences and to measure the empathy scores in undergraduates (3rd, 4th year, Interns) and post graduates clinical dental students of Lahore Medical And Dental College.
Study Design: Quantitative Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study.

Target Population: 3rd & 4th year BDS students, House officers and Dental Post graduates at Lahore Medical and Dental College, who fulfill the inclusion criteria.
Sample Size: 180 students responded out of 230.

Data Collection Instrument
Self-reported questionnaire by using Jefferson Empathy Scale of Health Care Provider- Student’s Version.
Results indicated that the female empathy score was significantly higher as compared to male students (p-value = 0.041).
The postgraduates shows highest mean empathy level (88.1 ± 11.9) and 4th year students (86.1 ± 10.2) followed by 3rd year students. Post hoc Tukey test revealed that that the mean empathy score of house officers (80.7 ± 9.0) was significantly lower as compared to 4th year students (86.1 ± 10.2) (p-value = 0.025).
The skills of interpersonal caring and empathy can low the dental fear ,increase the adherence and outcomes of the treatment, and there will be more patient satisfaction.
Empathy-related teaching exercises (‘taught’ by peer assisted learning, role‐playing, documentaries making and interviewing skills) must be implemented among the dental students to endorse the growth of empathy and more time should be spend on history taking .
Empathy, Dental, Students, Education ,Jafferson Scale Of empathy(JSPE-HPS)

Key words: Keywords: Empathy, Dental, Students, Education ,Jafferson Scale Of empathy(JSPE-HPS)

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