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Oral Hygiene Measures as a Preventive Measure in The Field Of Maintaining the General Health of the Patient

Alexey R. Sokolov, Barbara O. Chichenkova,Ekaterina A. Stegacheva,Alexey V. Yumashev, Alina A. Urtenova, Alexander А. Markov.


The article studies oral hygiene measures as a preventive measure in the field of maintaining the general health of the
patient. According to the author, oral health is much more than beautiful and healthy teeth. This is of fundamental
importance for the general state of health and affects the well-being and quality of life of each person. Oral health
affects oral function and human social interactions and is closely related to overall health and quality of life.
Oral health is an integral part of overall health, and one affects the other. Improper nutrition, smoking, alcohol
consumption and poor oral hygiene are the most significant factors affecting the occurrence of various diseases of the
oral cavity. Diet affects the development of caries, tooth erosion, periodontitis, oral cancer and many other diseases of
the soft tissues of the oral cavity. Smoking is associated with oral cancer, gum and periodontal diseases, periimplantitis,
discoloration of teeth, bad breath, changes in taste buds and difficulties healing wounds after surgery. High alcohol
consumption is associated with an increased risk of developing oral cancer or other potentially malignant diseases,
periodontitis, caries and xerostomia. Poor oral hygiene can lead to the development of caries and periodontitis, and is
also associated with heart disease, cancer and diabetes.
Many of these oral diseases can be prevented by informing about risk factors. Oral hygiene is a critical factor in
maintaining good oral health and is therefore linked to overall health and quality of life. The most effective method of
preventing caries or periodontitis is the removal of plaque by regular and proper mechanical brushing of teeth, which is
a key step in maintaining oral health.

Key words: Oral hygiene, Dental and gum care, Caries, Pulpitis, Systemic diseases

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