Background: Cuminum cyminum has been one of the commonly used home-based spices in India. It shows various properties such as antispasmodic, astringent, antiseptic, antioxidant, antimicrobial, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antianxiety, anticonvulsant, and carminative.
Aim and Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the antianxiety property of C. cyminum and its comparison with diazepam on albino rats.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in Department of Pharmacology at a tertiary care center of Western Rajasthan. Adult albino rats of either sex (100–150 g) were divided into three groups. One group received distilled water and other two group received drugs – C. cyminum and Diazepam, respectively.
Results: Antianxiety effect of C. cyminum was not significant in lower and medium doses (300 and 750 mg/kg). Significant antianxiety effect of C. cyminum was seen in higher dose (1000 mg/kg).
Conclusion: On the basis of this study, it can be assumed that aqueous extract of C. cyminum could be a potential source to evaluate for the central nervous system disorders. Further studies are needed to explain the actual mechanism of action of C. cyminum at the cellular and molecular levels in detail.
Key words: Cuminum cyminum; Anti-anxiety; Diazepam