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Research Article

JCDR. 2021; 12(6): 1017-1021


Assessment of Self- medication patterns of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Dr. Laxman Kumar, Dr. Pankaj Kumar, Dr. Awadhesh Kumar Jha.


Abstract

Background: Self-medication is defined as a drug taken by the patient to treat a common
illness or symptom without the advice of the physician. The present study was conducted to
assess self- medication patterns of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Materials & Methods:58 pharmacies of given area were included. Information such as type
of NSAIDS used by community in 58 pharmacies was recorded. Complaint for purchasing
NSAIDS and cost of NSAIDS was recorded.
Results: Commonly used NSAIDs was ibuprofen in 45%, paracetamol in 35%, aspirin in
10%, naproxen in 5% and other in 5%. The mean cost of purchased NSAIDs was less than 5
rupees seen in 45%, 5-10 rupees in 20% and more than 20 rupees was in 35%. Complaint for
purchasing NSAIDs was headache in 52%, fever in 34%, trauma in 2% and backache in 12%.
The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Commonly used NSAIDs was ibuprofen paracetamol, aspirin and naproxen.

Key words: Non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin, paracetamol






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