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Original Article

IJMDC. 2022; 6(3): 514-519

A cross-sectional survey of cardiovascular health and lifestyle habits of hospital staff

Shaima Abdullah Ibrahim Hamzi, Fahdah Yahya Hurayyis Oqda, Naseem Qasim Ali Hakami, Yasir Mohsen Alhazmi.


Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a major health concern that increases the rate of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Several studies have reported behavioral risk factors and their association with CVDs among the general population.
Aim: Assessment of the prevalence of CVDs health and lifestyle habits of hospital staff, Saudi Arabia.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Prince Mohammed Bin Nasser Hospital, Saudi Arabia, among the clinical hospital staff from September 1 to November 30, 2021 using an electronically distributed questionnaire.
Results: A total of 375 respondents participated in the study. More than half of them, 201 (53.6%), were less than 30 years old. More than two-thirds of them, 255 (68%), were females. Most of [324 (86.4%)] had normal body mass index, while only 51 (13.6%) were overweight or obese. More than two-thirds [252 (67.2%)] had been checked their health/ vascular by their general practitioners. Most of participants were not smokers; the smoking rate was 13.6%. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes mellitus among population was 18.4%. Regarding physical activity (PA), most of participants were partly sitting at the desk, did not practice additional PA. Regarding compliance with recommended dietary guidelines, more than half of participants ate fresh or tinned fruits, vegetables, salad, wholemeal bread or chapattis and processed meats/meat products more than two times per week.
Conclusion: The prevalence of behavioral and lifestyle as risk factors to CVD was high, where low performance of PA and not following a healthy diet was found.

Key words: Cardiovascular, lifestyle, diet, physical activity

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