Background: Dogs' nephroblastoma of the spinal cord is a rare neoplastic disease, with few reports of long-term survival after surgery. We experienced that surgical treatment with postoperative radiation therapy for spinal nephroblastoma in a dog resulted in the long-term survival of 11 years.
Case Description: The patient presented to our veterinary hospital because of progressive hindlimb paralysis. Based on diagnostic imaging, she was diagnosed with a thoracolumbar spinal cord tumour and was treated with surgery. The gross tumour tissue was removed after laminectomy, followed by postoperative radiation therapy using orthovoltage equipment. The histopathological features of the surgical specimen were consistent with those of previously reported spinal nephroblastoma, although infrequent mitotic figures were observed. The dog recovered well after treatment and resumed her normal walking condition. No tumour recurrence was observed on periodic follow-up magnetic resonance imaging performed 10 and 21 months after surgery. Imaging evaluation for the gradual development of hindlimb weakness was performed 9 years after surgery; however, no recurrence of tumour tissue was observed, and spondylosis deformans, probably induced after laminectomy, were identified as a possible cause. The dog died of aspiration pneumonia 11 years after surgery, independent of spinal nephroblastoma.
Conclusion: To date, no clinical cases of canine spinal cord primary nephroblastoma that survived for 11 years after surgery have been reported. This case strongly suggests that providing intensive treatment for canine spinal nephroblastoma is very important.
Key words: Dog, Nephroblastoma, Radiation, Spinal cord, Surgery