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Research Article

JCDR. 2021; 12(6): 894-899


CORRELATION OF AUTOPSY AND SONOGRAPHY FINDINGS IN FETAL ANOMALIES

Dr Akshaya Shivaram, Dr Sumukhi Shankar BS.


Abstract

Background: Ultrasonography in pregnant females is done without posing any risk to the
fetus or mother. Ultrasonography is done as a scientific survey of the anatomy assessing the
features of all the systems and all associated organs.
Objectives: The present study was conducted to compare and correlate the autopsy and
ultrasonography findings in the fetus with congenital anomalies and also to detect contrasting
findings.
Methods: In all the included fetuses, imperforate anal defects, gastrointestinal anomalies like
Omphalocele, diaphragmatic hernia, club foot, cleft lip, cleft palate, palmar crease defect, and
limb anomalies were assessed.
Results:The fetus was divided into four categories comparing ultrasonography and autopsy
findings.
Conclusion: The present study concludes that autopsy and ultrasonography are largely
influenced by dietary habits and economic status. Awareness among parents and early
diagnosis of these malformations can help in timely MTP (Medical Termination of
Pregnancy) and preventing these malformations in subsequent pregnancies.

Key words: Autopsy, Categorization, congenital malformations,fetal anomalies, Sonography






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