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Original Research

RMJ. 2022; 47(3): 658-660

Gender based differences in core muscle strength, back disability and range of motion in patients with mechanical low back pain

Malaika Abid, Muhammad Asim Javed, Khadijah Shafqat, Muhammad Furqan Yaqoob, Saba Murad, Muhammad Ehab Azim.


Objective: To determine the gender differences in Core Muscles Strength, Back Disability, and Range of Motion in patients with mechanical low back pain.
Methodology: This comparative cross-sectional study was conducted at Fauji Foundation Hospital and Pakistan Railway and General Hospital, Rawalpindi from February to June 2019. Purposive non-probability convenient sampling was used for recruitment of 107 patients (57 males and 50 females). Data were collected through a structured questionnaire. Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the instruments used were modified sphygmomanometer and inclinometer. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21.
Results: A significant relation of core muscles strength between the two genders was seen in the prone position (p=0.000), with the mean rank 63.77 and 42.86 in males and females, respectively.
Conclusion: Males exhibited greater core strength as compared to females in the prone position but no differences were seen in terms of disability and range of motion.

Key words: Core muscle strength, disability, gender differences, mechanical low back pain.

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