Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Research Article

JCDR. 2021; 12(5): 1284-1293


EVALUATION OF QUALITY OF PRESCRIPTION USING PRESCRIPTION QUALITY INDEX TOOL – A COMPARITIVE STUDY IN CARDIOLOGY, NEPHROLOGY & ONCOLOGY DEPARTMENTS IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

T. Vinay Kumar, Shaik Asha Begum1, B. Sai Durga Charan, M. Rahul Joshi, D. Hari Krishna, Sk. Mohammed Rafi, S. Venkatesh, B. Ravi Kumar.


Abstract

The aims were to develop a new Prescription Quality Index (PQI) for the measurement of prescription
quality in chronic diseases. The PQI were developed based on 3 separate surveys and one pilot study. Criteria
were developed based on literature search, discussions and brainstorming sessions. Validity of the criteria was
examined using modified Delphi method. Pre testing was performed on 18 patients suffering from chronic
diseases. The modified version was then subjected to reviews by pharmacists in a survey. The score based PQI
with 22 criteria was then tested in 150 patients in Cardiology, Nephrology and Oncology departments. Results
were analyzed using SPSS version 12.0.1. Exploratory principal components analysis reveals that, multiple factors
contributing to Prescription Quality Index. Cronbach’s ᾳ for the entire 22 criteria was 0.60. The reliability was
good to moderate stability (intraclass correlation coefficient 0.76 and 0.52 respectively). The PQI was
significantly and negatively correlated with age (correlation coefficient – 0.34, P < 0.001) Number of drugs in
prescription (correlation coefficient – 0.51, P< 0.001) and number of chronic diseases/ conditions (correlation
coefficient – 0.35, P< 0.001). The PQI is a promising new tool for measuring prescription quality. It has been
shown that the PQI is a valid, reliable and responsive tool to measure quality of prescription in chronic diseases.

Key words: Chronic diseases, Prescription quality index, Cardiology, Nephrology, Oncology






Full-text options


Share this Article



Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com







eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.