Objective: Culture examination is a frequently used diagnostic method in emergency departments. This study is performed to investigate the frequency of culture examinations that have sent from the emergency department and also the rate of positive results and the most frequently isolated pathogens.
Material and Methods:This is a retrospective cohort study. We retrospectively investigated the culture results of the patients who admitted to the emergency department between 1st Jan 2016 and 31st March 2017. The demographic datum, medical diagnosis, the culture type, and the results are recorded from the hospital records.
Results: Totally 70934 culture tests were sent from 45100 patients between study dates. 1,1% of the cultures were sent from the emergency department. There was colonization at 16,8% of the cultures; this ratio was 33,6% in the cultures that were sent from the emergency department. The cultures were more frequently positive in emergency medicine when we compare it to the whole hospital. The positivity rate was higher in wound and abscess cultures but very low in gaita cultures.
Discussion: The further detailed studies about the cultures that were sent from the emergency department on the bases of a specific disease and antibiotic resistance will be instructive about prophylactic antibiotic use in the emergency department.
Key words: Culture analysis, microbiology, bacteremia, emergency department
Article Language: Turkish English