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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(13): 4205-4213


A PROPOSED CLASSIFICATION OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE LEVEL OF COMPLIANCE WITH RESIDENTIAL PLANNING STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Saaed Awad Abrabba Saaed, Nurwati Badarulzaman, Diana Binti Mohamad.

Abstract
Non-compliance with residential planning standards is a growing issue that most developing countries are facing, negatively impacting urbanizations, communities and related elements. This paper aims to classify the factors affecting the compliance level with planning standards. The classification of these factors was not addressed in the literature and classified only by nominal division. These factors have still not been categorized by the previous studies into a collection of categories which take into account priorities, aspects that can be improved and other factors not, essential and consequential factors. A systematic review was conducted to identify the factors and its effect in developing countries. Based on the literature and the systematic approach, new classification of factors affecting the compliance level has been made. Two types of factors have been proposed, first, perceived factors and second, objective factors. This classification was done through a critical review of the literature and scholar statements and arguments to come up with a set of factors classifications based on relevant categories. The new classification aims to classify the factors into perceived factors that need to be improved or changed, and factors that should be considered as objective factors that must be reflected to the planning standards and planning administration and policy. The new classification may also be the first step to move from the description of this phenomena to the solving level.

Key words: Non-compliance, planning standards, urban planning, factor classification, developing countries



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