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Original Research

Med Arch. 2021; 75(6): 431-435

Monosymptomatic Nocturnal Enuresis Treatment Using Alarm-Therapy and Desmopressin: A Meta-analysis Approach

Athaya Febriantyo Purnomo, Besut Daryanto, Pradana Nurhadi.


Background: One of the common pediatric issues is monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE). MNE is involuntarily urine-voiding in night sleep without lower urinary tract symptoms, such as daytime frequency, incontinence, or urgency. Alarm therapy and desmopressin have been used for treating MNE, but there is no clear comparison of the effectiveness of the two modalities. Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of alarm therapy and desmopressin and strategies to improve the therapy. Methods: Study searches were conducted on PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane with a time span of 2010 to 2021. The keywords used were desmopressin, alarm therapy, pediatrics, and monosymptomatic enuresis. The study included an RCT in English, and no subjects were dropped out. Studies without a definite number of subjects were excluded. Results: As many as 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis, 9 of which looked for response rates, and 3 were for desmopressin-withdrawal optimization strategy. Alarm therapy was superior to desmopressin in well-motivated parents and patients (p=0.02), with a combined risk ratio of 1.10 in the low heterogeneity population (Z-score = 2.31; I2 = 32%). A strategy that could reduce the risk of desmopressin-withdrawal was a structured dose reduction rather than a sudden dose reduction (p=0.001; I2=0%; Z-score = 3.26). However, therapy discontinuation based on time did not differ the risk (p=0.24; I2=0%; Z-score = 1.17). Conclusion: The meta-analysis shows that alarm therapy has a better response rate than desmopressin in proactive parents. However, desmopressin may be an option in the opposite subjects, and it is necessary to use structured strategies to optimize the treatment.

Key words: Keywords: Alarm therapy, desmopressin, monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis.

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