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NUTRITIONAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF SUB-CHRONIC FEEDING OF PROCESSED ICACINA SENEGALENSIS TUBER FLOURS IN EXPERIMENTAL ANIMALS.

Esien David-Oku,Oluwatosin Elizabeth Ntaji,Roseline Okon Edide,Juliet Ifeoma Obiajunwa-Otteh,Godwin Christian Akuodor.

Abstract
Objective: This study was aimed at investigating the nutritional and haematological benefits of consumption of graded doses of Icacina senegalensis tuber flours.
Method: The tuber was processed by fermenting in water at room temperature (1:3 w/v,) for 3 days, thereafter rinsed in clean water and divided into two portions. The first portion was oven dried at 40oC for 48 hours and blended into flour (SD); the second was further boiled in water (1:3, w/v) for 1 hour, strained, oven dried at 40oC for 48 hours and blended into flour (SB). Six diets containing 10, 20, and 30 percents of these two flours were formulated with normal rat chow (SD10, SD20, and SD30; SB10, SB20, and SB30). Forty- two young Wister rats were divided into seven groups (n=6). Group one was fed with normal rat chow while groups 2 to 7 were fed with the respective formulated diets, for 30 days. Body weight of the animals was taken before and at the end of the feeding experiment. The animals were sacrificed and serum and whole blood samples obtained for biochemical and haematological analyses respectively, using standard methods.
Results: The results showed increased body weight (9-31g) in SD groups but weight loss (-10 to -14g) in SB groups. There were significant improvements (p

Key words: Nutritional, haematological-indices, Icacina senegalensis, Tuber flours



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