Abstract— This study is a cross-level (unit-individual) study which has aimed to test the effect of procedural justice climate and distributive justice climate (unit level) on Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) (individual level). In addition, this study also tests the role of Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) (individual level) in mediating the effect of procedural and distributive justice climate on CWB. Researchers distribute questionnaires to non-civil servant lecturers in 3 New State Uni-versities (NSU) in Indonesia. There is 399 questionnaires that are returned and completed. Then it is processed byHierar-chical Linear Modeling (HLM). The instruments are tested by using confirmatory factor analysis and reliability test, then look atthe Cronbach's Alpha coefficient. Hypothesis test results show that the procedural justice climate has a significant nega-tive effect on CWB (H1 supported), significant effect on LMX (H3 supported), and LMX has a significant effect on CWB (H5 supported). However, distributive justice climate has no effect on CWB (H2 is not supported) and LMX (H3 is not supported). LMX mediates the effect of Procedural Justice Climate on CWB (H6 was supported).Leader Member Exchange (LMX) was not mediates the effect of Distributive Justice Climate (DJC) on Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB) (H7 was not sup-ported). The results of this study are interesting to discuss further and open opportunities for cross-level studywith other variables and objects.
Procedural Justice Climate, Distributive Justice Climate, Counterproductive Work Behavior (CWB), And Leader-Member Exchange (LMX)
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