The aim of this study is to evaluate the risks, which the healthcare professionals are exposed to, from the legal aspects. The survey aiming to determine the risk levels was conducted with 45 healthcare professionals working at Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Hospital. The statistical analyses were performed using SPSS 19.0 package software. Considering the work environment of participants from the aspect of risks, it was determined that there was no significant difference in terms of gender, age, and years of working. Among all of the healthcare professionals, the allied healthcare personnel were found to be exposed to highest level of physical risks. Given the relationship between the occupational groups and biological risks, it was determined that laboratory analysts are exposed to statistically significant biological risks. All of the healthcare professionals are exposed to similar levels of psychosocial and ergonomic risks. On the other hand, the allied healthcare personnel are exposed to highest level of chemical, whereas the administrative personnel are under the minimum risk. It should be remembered that in case of any problem in any healthcare institution, the administration might be subjected to legal and penal sanctions due to their possible responsibility, even though they have no direct responsibility.
Key words: Risk, legal responsibility, healthcare professional, forensic sciences