Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Research Article

Open Vet J. 2023; 13(6): 677-683

Complications and outcome of traumatic diaphragmatic hernia repair without post-operative chest drain: Retrospective study in 90 cats

Deborah De-Bastiani, Vincenzo Montinaro, Erica Cipolla, Roberto Bussadori, Guido Pisani, Filippo Cinti.

Cited by 0 Articles

Diaphragmatic herniorraphy is the treatment of choice for traumatic diaphragmatic hernia (TDH). Several methods have been described for the removal of residual air and fluid during and after surgery, such as the insertion of chest drains, intercostal thoracentesis and transdiaphragmatic thoracentesis. However, there are no indications regarding the most useful technique and the impact that choice of technique could have in the immediate postoperative period.
To evaluate the development of complications and outcome associated with the use of intraoperative transdiaphragmatic thoracentesis in cats undergoing diaphragmatic herniorrhaphy for TDH.
Medical records of cats treated for acute and chronic traumatic diaphragmatic hernia between 2010 and 2019 were reviewed. Cats were included if intraoperative pneumothorax was treated with transdiaphragmatic thoracentesis, without the use of intercostal chest drain. Outcome, intra- and post-operative complications were recorded.
Intraoperative and postoperative complications rate were 3,3% and 12,4%, respectively. Development of postoperative pneumothorax was associated with presence of comorbidities (P = 0.046). Overall survival rate was 93,3%. Long term survival had a significant association with the presence of comorbidities (P = 0.045), if the procedure was performed as an emergency (P=0.041) or in older cats (P=0.011).
Intraoperative transdiaphragmatic thoracentesis could be considered as an effective method for the removal of residual air after surgery for TDH, especially for uncomplicated cases. The presence of comorbidities, the need to perform a surgical procedure in emergency and the age of the patient can be considered as factors influencing the development of complications. Critical patient selection, based on assessment of potential risk factors for complications is warranted to understand which patient will benefit from thoracostomy tube placement.

Key words: Thoracic diaphragmatic hernia, Transdiaphragmatic thoracentesis, Trauma surgery

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.