Background: Palliative care has an important role in cancer treatment. It has been established in Indonesia for years, however, palliative care does not give significant improvements which may due to the numerous components of palliative care. Objective: This research aims to identify factors affecting palliative care in Indonesia. Methods: This article is a literature review which was conducted through a systematic search from four online databases: Cochrane, Pubmed, Embase, EbscoHOST. The search revealed 45 studies then selected using PRISMA 2020 algoritm, leaving 8 studies to be analyzed. The factors affecting palliative care in Indonesia were then grouped into three points of view: the patients and caregiver; healthcare provider, further divided into healthcare personnel and system; as well as healthcare system. By knowing these factors it is expected that we can achieve optimal implementation palliative care in Indonesia, especially in cancer patient. Results: The factors influencing palliative care in Indonesia can be grouped into patients, healthcare provider and healthcare system. Conclusion: Palliative care improvement in Indonesia can be enhanced to achieve optimal implementation in cancer treatment.
Key words: Palliative care, cancer patients, implementation, Indonesia.