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Original Article

Med Arch. 2022; 76(6): 447-453

Nurses' Knowledge and Practices Regarding the Prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Saudi Arabia: Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study

Hessa Abdulatif Alyousef, Sahar Elmetwally A. Badawi, Yasser A. Elghoneimy, Rana Ali Alameri, Abdulwahab Meteb Almutairi.


Background: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a prevalent fatal problem and a major cause of avoidable death among morbid hospitalized patients. It is estimated that up to 900,000 people in the United States are affected each year. Additionally, around 60,000 to 100,000 Americans die annually of DVT. Objective: To assess studied nurses’ knowledge and practice regarding Deep venous thrombosis prevention. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional research design was used in this study at King Fahad Hospital of the University in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 67 nurses from medical and surgical units were included in the study. Data were coded and analyzed using SPSS 23.0 version. Results: According to the results, the knowledge and practice of nurses were found to be high. Total knowledge score regarding prevention of deep venous thrombosis (72.8±9.6), regarding studied nurses, score for each subcategory: general knowledge category (70.6±15.5), deep venous thrombosis risk factors category (66.5±13.1), and deep venous thrombosis prevention category (90.1±10.5). in addition, a statically significance association between nurses’ years of experience (p=0.026), previous Deep venous thrombosis education (p=0.012), and total knowledge score regarding the prevention of deep venous thrombosis. Concerning the self-reported practice, the majority of the studied nurses have shown a very high practice score. Yet, there was no statically significant association between the sociodemographic characteristic and practice. Furthermore, a positive association between total knowledge and reported practice score but statically insignificant (p=0.075). Conclusion: Based on the result of the study, most of the studied nurses’ level of knowledge and practice concerning the prevention of deep vein thrombosis ranged between high and very high.

Key words: Deep vein thrombosis, venous thromboembolism, nurse’s knowledge, nurses’ practice

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