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Original Article

Med Arch. 2021; 75(5): 347-350

miRNA-21 as Reliable Serum Diagnostic Biomarker Candidate for Metastatic Progressive Prostate Cancer: Meta-analysis Approach

Kurnia Penta Seputra1, Basuki Bambang Purnomo, Hani Susianti, Handono Kalim, Athaya Febriantyo Purnomo.

Background: Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men, moreover when it develops metastasis. However, PSA detection in serum as current gold standard to measure disease progressivity had wide variability leading to confounding outcomes. MicroRNA-21 has diagnostic values for cancer over period of time researched, yet results are still inconclusive. Objective: The aim of the study was to conduct recent meta-analysis to assess reliability of miRNA-21 as diagnostic biomarker especially in progressivity of prostate cancer. Methods: Published papers from PubMed, Science Direct, and Embase” as of 1 July 2021 assessing circulating miRNA-21 in progressivity of prostate cancer patients were analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis tool. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratio (LR) and SROC assessed with 95 % confidence intervals were estimated using fixed-effects or random-effects models. Results: In total, we included 6 papers total of 651 samples reporting miRNA-21 capability of detecting progressive prostate cancer. The pooled sensitivity and specificity showed 0.91 (95% CI 0.88-0.94, I2=0%) and 0.89 (95% CI 0.85-0.92, I2=44.8%), respectively. Positive and negative likelihood ratio showed 7.18 (95% CI 4.31-11.96, I2=56%) and 0.11 (95% CI 0.07-0.16, I2=11.8%). SROC were assessed and got Area Under Curve around 97.4%. Conclusion: miRNA-21 could serve as biomarkers of prostate cancer progressivity since remarkable diagnostic value of circulating miRNA-21 in prostate cancer metastasis process.

Key words: miRNA-21, biomarker, prostate, cancer, progressivity, metastatic.

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