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Original Article

Med Arch. 2021; 75(5): 335-339

Determination Factors Associated with Immune Responses Towards First Dose Edmonston-Zagreb (EZ) Measles Vaccine in Indonesian Infants

Teni Nurlatifah, Wisnu Barlianto, Wayan Arsana Wiyasa, Chandra Kusuma, Tita Luthfia Sari, Novilia Sjafri Bachtiar.

Background: Measles outbreaks under high coverage of measles vaccination in Indonesia is gaining a necessary evaluation of factors associated with measles-vaccine immune responses. Objctive: The purposes of recent study were to evaluate the association of sociodemographic and anthropometric parameters and specific immune responses towards first dose Edmonston-Zagreb (EZ) measles vaccine in Indonesian infants. Methods: A total of 35 infants were enrolled in this cohort study. Measles immune responses were followed up at one and six months after vaccination then analyzed for its association with sociodemographic, anthropometric, and nutritional parameters. The plaque-reduction microneutralization assay was conducted to measure the titer of measles specific IgG antibody. The level of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells that exhibiting gamma interferon (IFN-γ) secretion were analyzed by flow cytometry. The association between variable was analyzed by linear regression. The difference immune response among variable were analyzed with Mann-Whitney test. Results: Vitamin A supplementation and breastfeeding were predicted as associated factor for humoral and cellular immune response after one month and six months measles vaccination among Indonesia Infants. Conclusion: Nutritional factor is associated with measles vaccination immune response in Indonesian infants.

Key words: Age, Breastfeeding, Vitamin A, Immune, Measles.

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