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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(4): 2416-2419


SUBALTERN CONSCIOUSNESS IN THE PLAYS OF VIJAY TENDULKAR

RATAN CHANDRA DAS.

Abstract
Literature is abundant with examples of subalternity - be it gender, class, caste, religion or otherwise. The
condition of women as subaltern in Indian society is deplorable. Women are always looked down upon as
‘second sex’, ‘inferior’, ‘other’, ‘weak’ and so on and so forth. Whereas the religious books like Vedas and
Upanishads depict women as ‘goddess’ and ‘shakti’, yet, she falls a prey to gender inequality, patriarchy, sexual
abuses, harassments etc. Subaltern as a subject has always been enticing and controversial. Vijay Tendulkar, an
eminent Indian theatre writer, journalist, along with several other female writers like Shobhaa De, Mahasweta
Devi, Manju Kapur, Kamala Das, Arundhati Roy and Anita Desai deal with the issues of women subjugation.
Even though Tendulkar does not claim himself to be a feminist nor he has viewed any thought of feminism, he
has a soft corner for feminine world which can be witnessed from his delineation of female characters.
Tendulkar portrayed a woman centric world in his plays and tried to expose the hypocrisy of male oriented
society, which segregates the women as the ‘other’. He created a few rebellious female characters like Benare,
Sarita, Champa and Jyoti who hurled a posited resistance to break the shackle of male hegemony. This paper
tends to delve deep into the world of subaltern sensibility of Vijay Tendulkar which is grounded upon casteism,
class consciousness, gender biasness and patriarchal hegemony.

Key words: Subaltern, Patriarchy, Women, Discrimination.



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