Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles

Original Article

IJMDC. 2021; 5(12): 2108-2114

The prevalence and risk factors of constipation among the general population in Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Majid Hamed Ali, Badr Saad Almuqati, Husam Hamdin Alhasnani, Thamer Rajaallah Alfahmi, Ammar Khalid Mandili, Mokhtar Mahfouz Shatla.


Background: Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal disorders and can affect many aspects of life. The prevalence of constipation varies across the world. Due to the lack of information in the Makkah region, we aim to determine the prevalence of constipation and its risk factor.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adults between the ages 18 and 80 years who live in the Makkah Region, using an online questionnaire, ROME IV criteria were used to assess the potential of having constipation.
Results: 513 participants were enrolled in the study, 290 (56.5%) males and 223 (43.5%) females, with a median age of 29.5 years. The prevalence of constipation was (22.0%) 113 participants. Most of the participants had normal weight and were nonsmokers. Regarding risk factors, consuming less fiber, and stress were significant risk factors (p < 0.05); however, doing less exercise or consuming more spicy food had no significant association regarding constipation.
Conclusion: The study showed that constipation prevalence is 22%, which is relatively high. Consumption of more fibers and methods to relief stress is recommended to lower the prevalence of constipation in this population.

Key words: Prevalence, risk factors, constipation, Saudi Arabia, Makkah

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com
• ojshosting.net

Do you want to use OJS for your journal ?
work with an experienced partner

Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.