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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(13): 3596-3600


Fake news: A Threat to the Credibility of Media-Ecosystem

Priyanka Tyagi, Charu Chandra Pathak.

Abstract
Fake news is not a recent phenomenon. Hoax news, fabricated, misleading,
manipulated content was always in circulation. However, it‟s a new medium, i.e. new media,
social networking sites, smartphones, which drastically magnified their reach and initiated a
crisis of credibility. Claire Wardle disagrees with the use of „fake news‟ and said it‟s mis- and
dis-information in the information ecosystem and categorizes it in seven types.
PolitiFact named fake news its 2016 “Lie of the Year.” For the year 2016, Oxford
dictionaries declared the term “post-truth” as it's international word of the year and explains
that „objective facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than emotional appeals and
personal belief.‟ This paper attempts to explore various aspects of fake news and how much it
is affecting the Indian media-ecosystem. Survey and interview methods are employed to
delve deep into this topic. Surveys and interviews were conducted among media
professionals and media students.

Key words: Fake news, New media, SNS, Facebook, Post-truth



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