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Research Article

JCR. 2020; 7(12): 3778-3789


NATURE - DEFICIT DISORDER AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ATTENTION AMONG KINDERGARTEN CHILD

Dr. Murooj Adel Khalaf, Riyam Mohammed Dawood.

Abstract
Societies have witnessed a huge scientific and technological revolution in various fields of life, which makes human life more easy and dynamic, and it has great benefit, but despite these great positives of the technological revolution, it was accompanied by multiple negative effects, all groups of society, especially children, where it has become Our children today are in a troubled and inconsistent relationship with the surrounding natural environment.
The recreational activities of the young - who live in urban areas - have shifted from the external environment and fulfilled to the negative (domestic) activities. Instead of playing in the open air based on nature, the child became locked into the house and walked into electronic games and mortgaged smart devices, and the time spent in the air became The tavern is relatively few compared to previous generations, which has had negative effects on its growth, especially in pre-school, and has increased its physiological, emotional and social problems (Louv, 2005: 10).
This study aims to identify:
1- Disorder of the lack of nature in kindergartens on each field of scale and scale in general.
2- The significance of differences in each area of the scale of natural lack disorder and the overall scale of gender variable (male, female)
The researcher relied in her study on the descriptive-analytical approach and on two tools namely the scale of nature disorder and the test of attention. Psychologically, the research has been approved by the proportion of 80% agreement on its paragraphs to be considered acceptable in the scale. In the light of the opinions of a jury, all the paragraphs of the scale of (21) paragraphs were distributed with some adjustments made to these paragraphs in the language and interpretation of the meaning. For the stability, it was extracted using the method of stability. The scale was applied to a sample of (60) children who were randomly selected, as the calculated stability factor (0.699) which is an acceptable coefficient of stability. And in a way of internal consistency Fakronbach (0,73).
The test includes (20) items in the final form. The two tools applied on the sample of (200) children from the kindergarten in the General Directorate of Education in Baghdad (Karkh and Rusafa) which selected randomly for the academic year (2019/2020). In light of the research results, the researcher concludes the following: Kindergarten kids do not have a deficiency disorder, as the results came with an arithmetic average higher than the hypothetical average of the scale. Kindergarten kids are attentive, as the results came with an arithmetic average higher than the hypothetical average of the scale.
Thus, in light of the research results, the researcher recommends that urging the supervising authorities in the Ministry of Education to follow up and prepare a curriculum that simulates nature for kindergarten kids to spread awareness of nature among children.

Key words: Nature -Deficit Disorder, Attention and Kindergarten child



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