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The Kind of Conception Affects the Kind of Cesarean Delivery in Primiparous Women

Evangelia Antoniou, Eirini Orovou, Maria Iliadou, Angeliki Sarella, Ermioni Palaska, Nikolaos Rigaas, Georgios Iatrakis, Maria Dagla.


Background: So far, multiple factors have been found to be related to the IVF procedure, the most prevalent being extremes of maternal age, infections, previous gynecological history, infertility and others. Although women achieve the coveted pregnancy with the development of IVF technology, the rapid increase contributes to the increase of primary cesarean sections rates. Objective: The aim of the study was to identify if the kind of conception affects the kind of cesarean delivery among primiparous women in Greece. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study took place from September 2019 to February 2020 at the University Hospital of Larisa in Greece. One hundred and sixty-two primiparous women who underwent a cesarean section (c-section) after IVF (n=27) and natural conception (n=135) participated in the study. Results: The mean age of the IVF and natural conception groups were 36.22 and 31.08 years, respectively. Nineteen (70.4%) women of the IVF group had a previous medical or gynecological history in contrast to 48 (35.6%) women of the natural conception group. Only 55.6% of the IVF group had a full-term pregnancy unlike 88.1% of women in the natural conception group. An elective c-section was performed in 18 (66.7%) of the women who conceived after IVF, as opposed to 45 (33.3%) of the women who conceived naturally. Conclusion: This cross-sectional study showed that IVF conception was associated with high rates of elective cesarean section as opposed to women with natural conception. The causes of c-sections must be evidence based because the primary cesarean delivery is a major factor contributing to increased c-section rates.

Key words: natural conception, c-section, in vitro fertilization, IVF conception, elective cesarean section, emergency cesarean section.

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