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Original Research

RMJ. 2022; 47(4): 986-987

Level of shoulder instability among adult female competitive swimmers

Noor Javaid, Adnan Hashim.


Objective: To evaluate the level of shoulder instability among adult male competitive swimmers using Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI) scale.
Methodology: The cross-sectional study included 55 subjects (all females). The sample size was calculated with a WHO calculator. The level of shoulder instability was examined by WOSI Questionnaire.
Results: Out of 55 subjects, 22 fell under the age of 24-29 years. We found that 16 swimmers had mild shoulder instability, 27 had moderate instability and 12 had severe instability. The level of shoulder instability was determined from mild to moderate measured with the WOSI scale.
Conclusion: This study concluded that there was a moderate level of shoulder instability among young competitive swimmers.

Key words: Swimmers shoulder, shoulder instability, WOSI questionnaire.

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