Overall health can be affected by oral health. Examination of medical conditions in the dental treatment room in addition to providing a record of access to the primary care system, this also improves overall health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to explore and assess the attitudes and constraints felt by dentists in examining various medical conditions in the dental treatment room in Makassar City, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. This type of research is exploratory with a cross-sectional study design. A validated questionnaire with Likert scale (1 = very unimportant / willing to 5 = very important / willing) was given to 100 randomly selected dentists who practiced in Makassar City. Friedman two-way non-parametric analysis of variance is used to see whether there are significant differences in the distribution of responses. The result on 100 subjects showed a mean age of 30.5 years, 77 (77%) of whom were women. 95 (95%) subjects answered the identification of patients to prevent/control the severity of medical conditions is very important, most dentists consider the examination of hypertension more important (mean rank 2.96), more willing to refer patients to doctors, and discuss the results of examinations with patients directly after the examination is done (mean rank 2.69), more willing to take blood pressure measurements (mean rank 3.36), and considers the doctor's obligations and costs are obstacles that need to be considered in conducting the examination (mean rank 4.09 and 3.96). There is a significant difference (p≤0.05) in terms of the distribution of responses for each item of each question (Q2 p = 0.012, Q3 p = 0.000, Q4 p = 0.000, Q5 p = 0.000). Conclusion of this study showed that there are differences in attitudes and obstacles felt by dentists in examining various medical conditions in the dental treatment room
Key words: Attitude, Dentist, Makassar, Medical Screening.