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Research Article

JCDR. 2021; 12(2): 554-560


PREOPERATIVE ANALYSIS OF MAXILLOFACIAL ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS IN SUBJECTS WITH CORRECTIVE RHINOPLASTY IN TRAUMATIC FACIAL INJURY

Dr Shakeel Ahmed Galagali, Dr. Sushmita Kumari Pandit, Dr. Priyadarshini Rangari.


Abstract

Background: Rhinoplasty done for cosmetic reasons has now surpassed all ethnicities,
socioeconomic status, and age. Rhinoplasty is now not considered a procedure that is
exclusively practiced in wealthy subjects. Increasing focus on the beauty of the face, one of
the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in India is Rhinoplasty.
Aim and Objective: The present study was conducted to develop a soft tissue analysis with a
special focus on morphology of the nose, and could be used to assess nasal deformity, and
plan appropriate treatment for nose correction using Rhinoplasty in agreement with a
composite index and anthropometric norms of facial outcomes.
Materials and Methods: All anthropometric and maxillofacial parameters were assessed on
digital photographs that were standardized in 40 subjects (20 males and 20 females). The age
range of study subjects was 18-23 years. Statistical analysis of all the anthropometric
parameters was done following normal (Gaussian) distribution for theoretical distribution
using composite Index and Chi-square test. Before and after comparisons were assessed with
paired 't' test and results were formulated.
Results: All the assessed anthropometric parameters followed the gaussian (normal) curve
with a definite pattern being followed by male and female anthropometric norms to form a
component Index.
Conclusion: The present study concludes that the present study should be carried forward in
different geographical areas and institutes concerning graft acceptance at the recipient site
and material. Also, patients' acceptance and satisfaction need to be considered to reach a
definitive conclusion.

Key words: Anthropometric Norms, Nose Morphology, Orthognathic Surgery, Plastic Surgery, Rhinoplasty.






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