Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Article

J App Pharm Sci. 2021; 11(7): 98-104

The role of body mass index-for-age in the assessment of acute malnutrition and obesity in Moroccan hospitalized children

Hassan Barouaca, Dalal Ben Loubir, Bachir El Bouhali, Nabil Tachfouti, Adil El Midaoui.


The aim of the present study was to examine the accuracy of body mass index-for-age (BMI-Z), mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC), and MUAC z-score (MUAC-Z) in assessing the acute malnutrition as well as the BMI-Z in assessing obesity in Moroccan hospitalized children aged from 1 month to 5 years. This is a longitudinal observational study carried out on 337 children. Weight, height/length, and MUAC related to sex and age were determined at admission and exported to World Health Organization (WHO) Anthro software for conversion to sex-age specific z-score indices. Weighted Cohen’s Kappa test was used to assess the concordance between weight-for-height z-score (WFH-Z), BMI-Z, MUAC-Z, and MUAC in screening for acute malnutrition defined as WFH-Z < –2SD or between WFH-Z and BMI-Z in screening for obesity as defined by WFH-Z > 3SD. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) area under the curve (AUC) was used to assess the performance of the anthropometric indexes in screening for acute malnutrition. We found high malnutrition prevalence as reflected by wasting (12.17%), stunting (13.35%), overweighting risk (24.64%), overweighting (11.39%), and low malnutrition prevalence as indicated by underweighting (4.75%) and obesity (3.56%). The BMI-Z showed perfect agreement to diagnose acute malnutrition (Kappa = 0.872) and obesity (Kappa = 0.827) with higher sensitivity and specificity indexes as well as higher positive predictive and negative predictive values. The AUC of the BMI-Z revealed very outstanding diagnostic accuracy to assess acute malnutrition (AUC = 0.98) and obesity (AUC = 0.99) in comparison to those of MUAC (AUC = 0.75) and MUAC-Z (AUC = 0.69). The results of the present study suggest that BMI-Z could be a good alternative indicator to assess acute malnutrition and obesity in hospitalized children aged from 1 month to 5 years.

Key words: Keywords: Acute malnutrition, Anthropometric parameters, Obesity, Hospitalized children.

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.