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Review Article

JCR. 2020; 7(10): 1342-1345

The History and Indian Context of the Practice of Euthanasia

Huma B. Khan, Urmila Yadav.

When a person ends his life by his own act it is called “suicide” but to end life of a person by others
though on the request of the deceased, is called “euthanasia” or “mercy killing”. This research paper throws light
on the practice of Euthanasia, which means the act of assisted killing. There have always existed different views
about the morality of the practice. The introduction lays down the various definitions of Euthanasia and the genesis
of the act. The paper afterwards discusses the case studies related to the practice in the Indian judiciary like Aruna
Ramchandra Shanbaug v Union of India and Gian Kaur v State of Punjab. The paper before concluding with the
aspect of legalization of the practice discusses the Indian context as to the act through the eyes of the Constitution
of the country and through the general legal framework. Lastly, arguments are put forward for and against
legalizing euthanasia and this article has been concluded with a definite comment in favour of legalizing passive
euthanasia in India

Key words: Euthanasia, Judiciary, India, Morality

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