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Review Article

EEO. 2013; 12(3): 687-700

A Review of Research on Educational Theories and Approaches Affecting Students Achievement: 1990-2011

Esra Eret,Tuba Gokmenoglu,Cennet Engin Demir.


The present study aims to analyze the contents of the current research on the theories and approaches affecting student achievement in Turkish context. A total of 69 studies published in well-known Turkish journals in education were reviewed. The results of the study showed that the most frequently studied theories and approaches in Turkey in relation to student achievement/outcome were Multiple Intelligences theory, Technology-based theories and approaches, and Constructivism. The majority of reviewed studies used experimental design and found a significant mean difference in favor of experimental group. At the end of the study, the results were discussed and necessary implications and suggestions were made.

Key words: New trends in education, educational research, instructional approaches, student outcome

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