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Research Article

EEO. 2013; 12(3): 784-796

Help Seeking in the Learning Process Scale (HSLPS): Validity and Reliability Study

Canan KOÇ.


The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale for measuring the levels of elementary school students’ help seeking in the learning process. Total of 726 6th, 7th and 8th grade students (351 females and 375 males) participated in the study. For construct-validity of the scale, explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis is performed. To investigate reliability, item-total correlations, test-retest correlations and Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficients are calculated. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis resulted that the scale has three factors and 25 items. Cronbach’s Alpha reliability coefficient is found to be .87 for the complete scale, .87 for the ‘Avoidance from Help Seeking’ sub-scale, .79 for the ‘Instrumental Help Seeking’ sub-scale and .70 for the ‘Superficial Help Seeking’ sub-scale. As a result of the performed analyses, ‘Help Seeking Scale in the Learning Process’ found to be valid and reliable.

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