Forensic laboratory has important role in the development of criminology science, and practically in various stages of criminal case investigation. This study seeks to systematically review the role of the forensic laboratory in criminal case investigation, particularly drug abuse in Indonesia. By using systematic review analysis, the results revealed that this role is theoretically related to the constitutional duties given by the law regarding police duties. The implementation of the role of the forensic laboratory is scientifically closely related to the Scientific Crime Investigation (SCI) model in the implementation of police duties. The results also highlight the scientific perspective of the forensic laboratory and Scientific Crime Investigation and denote the practical procedures and tasks of the forensic laboratory in criminal case investigation in Indonesia, especially its role on drug case investigation.
Key words: Forensic Laboratories, Scientific Crime Investigation, Criminology, Narcotic Abuse, Systematic Review