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Research Article

JIRLS. 2020; 2(2): 7-12


STUDIES ON THE FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MALARIA INFECTION AMONG RESIDENTS OF GWADABAWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA SOKOTO STATE, NIGERIA

Abdullahi B, Danladi YK and Isyaku NT.

Abstract
Malaria is a major public health concern in Nigeria where it accounts for more morbidity and mortality than any other country in the world. This study investigates the factors associated with malaria infection among residents of Gwadabawa Local Government Area, Sokoto State Nigeria. A total of 350 individuals were randomly selected from 350 systematically selected households across five wards of the area. A structured questionnaire was developed and administered to gather information on factors influencing the infection in the area. The study revealed that, presence of stagnant water or pond around households is a significant factor influencing the prevalence of the disease in the area, (OR =1.981, 95%CI: 1.103 - 3.558). Hence improved health education, environmental modification and other vector control measures as well as prompt diagnosis and treatment of infected individuals should be carried out to prevent the spread of the infection in the area.

Key words: Factors, Questionnaire, Household, Wards, Stagnant Water



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