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IJBH. 2021; 9(2): 75-80

Vascular Risk Factors in Post-stroke Depression in Young Adults: a Prospective Cohort Study

Enra Mehmedika Suljic, Nevena Mahmutbegovic, Admir Mehicevic, Merjema Arnautovic, Dzemaluddin Mulalic, Amina Babic.

Background: Previous research suggested a predictive role of vascular risk factors (VRFs) in developing post stroke depression (PSD), however this relationship in young stroke patients still remain unclear. Objective: The aim of our study was to examine the association of VRFs and post-stroke depression in young adults. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study including 70 patients (aged ≤50 years) with incident ischemic stroke. Data on vascular risk factors were collected and Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) was used to assess the mental status. Patients were stratified in 2 groups (depressed and non-depressed) according to DSM-IV criteria. A follow up was done after one month and after 6 months. Results: A total of 40 patients had a significantly higher HAMD score (17.56 3.1) compared to 30 patients in non-depressed group (5.87 1.72) (p< 0.0001) in acute stroke occurence, one month after stroke (18.182.69) vs (5.43 1.55) (p< 0.0001) and six months after stroke (19.08 2.30) vs (4.831.21) (p

Key words: stroke, risk factors, depression.

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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.