One of the most settled vacuum electronic high power source-VED sources of radiation is the
retrogressive wave oscillator (BWO). A BWO is a VED that is utilized to create microwaves up to the highfrequency range and high power while keeping the device smaller. By changing the bar voltage, it is indicated
that it tunes completely and quickly over an exceptionally wide band (around 50 percent) of frequencies. Its
frequency is moderately independent of load impedance and it tends to be intended to be uncommonly steady in
frequency. BWO is such VEDS whose size is of an inch additionally exist. In this way, smallness and its
capacity to be operational at a broadband frequency set it high on the rundown of energy sources when one
discussion about microwave age, particularly high power went with at high frequency with conservativeness.
This paper gives a detailed gritty examination on different stages that BWO has seen in high power microwave
age, from the time it developed.
High Power Microwaves, Sheet Beam, BWO, Cerenkov instability, K u Band, DEW, Beam
Instability, Magnetic field confinement, Cyclotron instability.
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